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Unformatted text preview: 12.4 Morphological Change Analogy (Analogical change) Definition : Influence of one form or set of forms over another Method of Analysis : Four part proportion * a : b :: c : X * Read a is to b as c is to X Four main types 1) Proportional Analogy Take base morpheme and generate a new inflectional form Typically results from overgeneralization of a grammatical rule e.g. rhyme : rhyme + ed :: climb : X = climb + ed Early Modern English past tense for climb was clomb 2) Back Formation Take inflectional form with no base morpheme, then create a new base form Typically caused by misanalysis e.g. Work +er : work :: burglar : X = burgle Burglar was originally borrowed from Norman French, but was misanal- ysed as burgle + er, thus leading to the creation of the noun burgle 3) Paradigm Leveling Paradigm: Set of inflectionally related forms e.g. After a sound change in Latin where [ s ] [ r ] /V owel V owel the genitive and accusative for honos, became honor-is and honor-em.the genitive and accusative for honos, became honor-is and honor-em....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course LING 2100H taught by Professor Kim during the Spring '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.
- Spring '11