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Ch8 - Chapter 8 EVIL EVIL EVIL I Problem of Evil II...

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Chapter 8 EVIL EVIL EVIL I. Problem of Evil? II. Theories of Evil: Monism, Dualism, and Theism A) Hindu Monism 1. No problem of evil 2. Brahman does not demand good or evil, so who cares 3. Its an illusion i. Stop denying reality 4. Spinoza i. Nature needs all degrees to express its fullness, including evil 5. Just succeeds in paralyzing the moral will B) Dualism 1. Zoroastrianism i. World is the battleground of Ahura Mazda (God) vs Ahriman (Evil) ii. Eventually good overcomes evil iii. Lots of ideas later incorporated in Judaism such as resurrection of the dead, the last judgment, and eternal rewards and punishment 2. Cons i. Limiting of God by allowing an independent evil force to constantly oppose him ii. Instead, see as the power of evil in the personal and social life of men C) Theistic 1. Acknowledges and even emphasizes the reality and gravity of evil in physical and moral forms 2. Creation is essentially good and groans as a distortion of man's fall due to sin 3. No explanation in the Bible III. Theodicy: Augustine, Leibniz, Milton A) Overview 1. Evil seems incompatible with omnipotent and omnibenevolent good 2.
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