Quotes for Lit Review - LITERATURE REVIEW "Nowhere,...

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"Nowhere, however, is there any sustained discussion of grand strategies (Kennedy, 1991). Evangelista's essay is Rosecrance and Stein's edited volume on grand strategy provides a list of different kinds of strategies, but there is no detailed explication of the content and boundaries of these (Evangelista, 1993; 163) (Johnston, 1995; 110)." "Luttwak (1987: 182, 192) suggests two kinds of grand strategy, both of which subsume political goals and grand strategic means under one concept: one type seeks to maximize power through military and territorial expansion; the other aims to preserve the political and territorial status quo and to increase internal levels of wealth, usually through diplomacy (Johnston, 1995; 110)." "Three distinct systems of imperial security can be identified over the period. We may properly speak of systems , for they each integrated diplomacy, military forces, road networks, and fortifications to serve a single objective. Moreover, the design of each element reflected the logic of the whole. Each system was intended to satisfy a distinct set of priorities, themselves the reflection of changing conceptions of empire: hegemonic expansionism for the first system; territorial security for the second; and finally, in diminished circumstances, sheer survival for the imperial power itself. Each system was based on a different combination of diplomacy, direct force, and fixed infrastructures, and each entailed different operational methods; but, more fundamentally, each system reflected a different Roman worldview and self-image (Luttwak, 1976; 4-5)" As Johnston writes, "Kupchan's categories are more satisfying than Luttwak's if only because they include a wider range of plausible grand strategic choices, and because he does not try to limit specific choices to specific state goals"(Johnston, 1995; 112); yet, his own "levels of strategy" are still too limiting, giving states only so many grand strategic choices. Whereas, this Grand Strategy Framework provides actors the flexibility to manipulate the principles and elements according to individual means to achieve individual ends. What this Grand Strategy Framework hopes to achieve is best described by Paul Kennedy as a way to "bring together all of the elements, both military and non-military, for the preservation and enhancement" of an actor's "long term best interests" (Kennedy, 1991; 5). The framework's malleability is conducive to the fact that all actors "are unique, for the simple reason that they differ from each other in both time and place (Kennedy, 1995; 167)". “Precisely because the competitive pressures of the international system press the United States only weakly, domestic factors play a much greater role in explaining US grand strategy than they do in explaining other great powers’ grand strategies (Layne 10)”. ***This first page is all the quotes we already found. Following are the quotes I’ve found
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course INTL 8200 taught by Professor Tessman during the Fall '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Quotes for Lit Review - LITERATURE REVIEW "Nowhere,...

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