Reading notes - INTL 6010 Call him Shane 02:14 PSRM (JRM):...

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Unformatted text preview: INTL 6010 Call him Shane 02:14 PSRM (JRM): Chapters 1 and 2 Chapter One: On Voter turnout: changing denominator from adult population eligible adult population shifts line from negatively sloped to relatively stable Measurement can affect the answers we get Setting up competing hypotheses and test the against each other (strategy for tests) Conflicting empirical findings (i.e. negative/positive campaign ads and voter turnout) Look for conflicting empirical findings for research ideas and publishing opportunities Science: Empirical (objective) verification Falsifiability feasibly rejected by the presentation of new evidence All normative statements are nonfalsifiable (i.e. public policy should be used to help the poor or Obama is great president) Statements cannot be vague Standards of Falsifiability: Popper thinks falsifiability > verification; theories cannot be verified Its ok to hold ourselves to probabilistic explanation - different standards for hard and social sciences Transmissible Cumulative Generalizable Scope: Do we seek more generalizable theories or not? Explanatory Parsimony: simplicity i.e. but different from leverage. KKV says that we shouldnt always go for parsimony, but go for leverage. Can we achieve the same degree of accuracy with less variables? Non-normative Theory Primitive Terms Assumptions Commitment to set of empirical tools Definition Verifiable/general statements Standards for Judging Theory: Are assumptions clearly separated from propositions and hypotheses? Can the claims be falsified/verified? Are they empirical not normative? Do they provide general explanations and add to existing knowledge? Are the statements transmissible? Are they parsimonious? Scientific Method: Find problem Form hypothesis Research Modification and extension Induction: Generalization on the basis of a sample or use of an analogy to establish a point Practical Issues with Polisci as a science: Ability to measure may be limited Concepts of interest are abstract and value laden Human behavior is super complex Data may be hard to obtain Philisophical Issues with Polisci as a science: Social science studies actions, which is behavior done for a reason, there are added challenges May need to understand world as individuals do with empathy History of science: Traditonal Polisci: formal governments and legally defined powers Not rigorous or generalizable Empirical Rev: needed large amounts of data and computers Influenced by other departments Scientific inquiry is embraced Reaction: quantifiable topics arent relevant Is value-free proper science?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course INTL 8200 taught by Professor Tessman during the Fall '10 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Reading notes - INTL 6010 Call him Shane 02:14 PSRM (JRM):...

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