US_Policy_11

US_Policy_11 - US Policy • “ a riddle wrapped in a...

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Unformatted text preview: US Policy • “ a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma” Winston Churchill (describing Soviet foreign policy) Foreign Policy • Definitions – Foreign Policy – National Security Strategy • Policy Influences – Executive Branch – Legislative Branch – The American People Overview • Foreign Policies – Isolationism – Imperialism – Pacifism – UN Cooperation – Containment – Post Containment – Preemptive Strike – National Renewal and Global Leadership Overview US Foreign Policy • The goals and guidelines that shape the conduct of American relations with other nations • How we interact with other countries politically! • Guidelines for the protection of the nation’s people and territories against physical assault, and protection of vital economic and political interests, the loss of which could threaten fundamental values and the vitality of the nation • How we interact with other countries militarily! US National Security Policy NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY + FOREIGN POLICY = N A T I O N A L P O L I C Y • The Executive Branch • The Legislative Branch • The American People Policy Influences • The Executive Branch – The President – The State Department – The National Security Council (NSC) – The National Security Advisor (NSA) Policy Influences • The Legislative Branch – Congress can: • Declare war • Raise and maintain the military • Power of the purse • Treaty ratification • Presidential appointees Policy Influences Policy Influences • The American People – Public opinion • Uninformed public • Informed public • Effective public – Interest groups – The press • Isolationism • Imperialism • Pacifism • UN Cooperation • Containment – Deterrent Strategies • Post-Containment Era Foreign Policies • New nation – Still in turmoil internally • Physical separation • Neutrality & Non- Entanglement – Europe in violent times – Very dependent on European trade • Monroe Doctrine Isolationism (1796) …served us well for a century • Social Darwinism (by Europe) – Colonialism race – United States “expanded overseas” • Hawaii, Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico • Panama Canal…rebellion against Columbians • Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine – “Moral right & obligation to intervene in Latin America” to protect/restore interests Imperialism (1893) …Set the stage for WWI Imperialism (1893) • World War I • 20 million people lost their lives • “War to end all wars” 1914-1918 •...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course ARSC 401 taught by Professor T.sadiq during the Spring '12 term at Maryland.

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US_Policy_11 - US Policy • “ a riddle wrapped in a...

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