Benedict -...

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BENEDICT, RUTH (1887–1948) was an American cultural anthropologist. Ruth Fulton grew up in a Baptist  household in New York State. After four years at Vassar (1905–1909), schoolteaching, and marriage to Stanley  Rossiter Benedict in 1914, she enrolled in the anthropology department at Columbia University. In 1923 she  earned a doctorate under the aegis of Franz Boas. On field trips to the Pueblo Indians between 1924 and 1926, Benedict elaborated on ideas about religion that  she had formulated in prose sketches, poetry, and early anthropological writings. The significance of Zuni  theocracy and ceremonialism is conveyed in her  Patterns of Culture  (1934). Through the 1930s, Benedict  taught at Columbia, edited the  Journal of American Folk Lore , and began to compare myths employed in  primitive societies with the dreams of utopia current in complex societies. During World War II, at the Office of  War Information, Benedict was assigned to work on Japan, a society whose beliefs and behaviors contrasted  sharply with those of her own society.  The Chrysanthemum and the Sword  was published in 1946; Benedict  died two years later. According to Benedict, religion stems from human perception of a "wondrous power, a voltage with which the 
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course ECON 131 taught by Professor Dfsfddsf during the Spring '11 term at Université Paris 12 - Val-de-Marne.

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Benedict -...

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