v7n2_04 - Finding a Peaceful Path for Kosovo: A Track Two...

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Finding a Peaceful Path for Kosovo: A Track Two Approach by Avnita Lakhani I Ajami wrote “Serbia has had enough of poetry and legend; in its return to reason and to practicality must lie its deliverance.” 1 Since June 28, 1987, when Serbian President Slobodon Milosevic arrived at the Field of Blackbirds, just outside the Kosovo capital of Pristina, Serbia has drenched Kosovo in a rain of blood and war based on Serbia’s legendary tales dating back to their defeat at the hands of the Turks in 1389. 2 Despite countless attempts by the international community to intervene in the killing fields of Kosovo, neither reason nor practicality cut through the Serbian cultural and religious claims to the predominantly Albanian stronghold. Finally, in June 1999, after significant United Nations Security Council intervention, shuttle diplomacy, and heavy NATO bombing, NATO reached an agreement with the Yugoslavia government to: 1) withdraw its Serb troops, militias, police and secret police from Kosovo; 2) allow NATO-led peacekeeping forces to enter Kosovo; and 3) allow ethnic Albanians to return to their homeland. 3 Kosovo today is considered an international protectorate under an interim trusteeship administration by the United Nations. 4 Even under international protection, there has been violence in Kosovo, including deadly rioting in March 2004 that left 19 people dead and more than 4,000 Serbs and others without homes. 5 This recent outbreak of violence underscores the fact that, despite abatement of the violence in Kosovo via traditional international intervention, unrest is growing because Kosovar Albanians are “frustrated with their unresolved status, the economic situation, and the problems of dealing with the past.” 6 Clearly, there can be no peaceful and practical future for Kosovo without first addressing the historical, cultural, and religious claims of the Serb majority of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Albanian majority of Kosovo, and the Serb minority of Kosovo. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the overriding issue of Kosovo’s unresolved status and how faith-based diplomacy can serve as a critical, non- governmental mechanism for conflict resolution. Faith-based diplomacy can begin to Avnita Lakhani is an international conflict prevention and resolution specialist. Ms. Lakhani earned her LLM in International Dispute Resolution from the Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution at the Pepperdine University School of Law in Malibu, California. Ms. Lakhani is grateful to the Editorial Board of the Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations for their insightful comments on this article and their dedication to publishing this issue. 27
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course INTERNATIO 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Boise State.

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v7n2_04 - Finding a Peaceful Path for Kosovo: A Track Two...

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