wider_0102 - World Institute for Development Economics...

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World Institute for Development Economics Research The United Nations University WIDER Conference on The New Economy in Development A fghans making their way in ramshackle boats to the territorial waters of Australia; Iraqis crossing the desert into Jordan, on the first stage of a journey which will—if they are lucky—end in Europe or North America; young men of many different nationalities, gathered at the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, trying to stowaway on a train that will take them from France to the United Kingdom… In recent years, our newspapers have been full of stories such as these, involving people who are trying to escape from poorer and less stable parts of the world, so that they can begin a new life in a region which offers them more security and better opportunities. Most of these migrants move illegally and then seek asylum when they have reached a country where they are willing to settle. For unlike business executives, IT professionals or United Nations officials, unskilled migrants from the world’s poorer countries have very limited access to regular migration opportunities. The debate surrounding the phenomenon of illegal and irregular migration has become a highly polarized one. According to human rights organizations, many of these asylum seekers have a genuine fear of persecution in their own country, and they should therefore be regarded as bona fide refugees. O ver one hundred experts participated in this conference on 10-11 May and discussed the impacts of the New Economy on economic growth, productivity and development. The New Economy can be defined as an economy which is able to benefit from the two trends shaping the world economy today—the globalization of business and the revolution in information and communication technology (ICT). The conference was a continuation of two previous WIDER projects. The outputs of these projects have been published in the book entitled Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth by Oxford University Press in 2001 and in the June 2002 special issue of the Elsevier journal Information Economics and Policy, both edited by Matti Pohjola. Mr Kimmo Sasi, the Finnish Minister of Transport and Communication, opened the conference. Plenary presentations were given by Kevin J. Stiroh (Federal Reserve Bank of New York) on the New Economy in the United States, by Francesco Daveri (University of Parma) on the New Economy in Europe, by Paul A. David (Oxford University) on digital information goods and access to knowledge, and by Kenneth L. Kraemer (University of California, Irvine) on the determinants of ICT spending. There was also a policy panel discussion on promoting ICT for growth and development by experts including Pekka Tarjanne (Executive Coordinator, UN ICT Task Force). In addition, 42 papers were presented on topics ranging from the impacts of ICT on firm and economy level productivity in industrial and developed countries to e-commerce business models and ICT initiatives in developing countries.
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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wider_0102 - World Institute for Development Economics...

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