Augustine_Lecture

Augustine_Lecture - Augustine of Hippo Roman Roots of...

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Augustine of Hippo Roman Roots of Medieval Christianity
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Augustine of Hippo
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Augustine of Hippo (354-430): Biography* Born in 354 in Thagaste (modern-day Algeria, N. Africa) Family Mother Monica devout Christian extremely important figure in Aug’s life Father Patricius thorough-going pagan later converted to Xnty not much of a relationship w/Aug. Raised as a Xn., but not baptized *Peter Brown, Augustine of Hippo: A Biography , Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
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The Thagaste Landscape
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The School of Thagaste
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Augustine: Biography “Boarding School” at Madauros (ca. 15 mi. from Thagaste) (ca. 366-370) Gets decent education excels in rhetoric and Latin bored by Greek “… he will become the only Latin philosopher in antiquity to be virtually ignorant of Greek” Aug. a gifted boy great attention to detail ability to move with his words
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Augustine: Biography Back at Thagaste: Aug’s “Summer of Discontent” (ca. 370) One-year wait; dad saving money for his education Aug. & his friends steal pears from neighbor’s orchard Interprets event theologically Of this “evil,” he says, “It was foul and I loved it. I loved my own undoing.” ( Confessions )
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Augustine: Biography Educated at Carthage (ca. 371-375) Dad sent him there to study law Hangs out with rowdy crowd; small-town kids in the big city Patricius dies (ca. 372) Monica takes over financial support of his education Aug. takes a mistress “second class” marriage considered respectable for a Late Roman gentleman she is his concubine for 15 years they have a son, Adeodatus
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St. Augustine at the University of Carthage
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Augustine: Biography Carthage (cont.) Aug. reads works of Cicero, including Hortensius Hortensius gives Aug. a love for philosophy Gains inquisitive nature about spiritual things This book “changed my whole attitude and turned my prayers toward thee, O Lord, and gave me new hope and new desires.”
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Augustine: Biography Carthage (cont.) How ardent was I then, my God, how ardent to fly from earthly things to thee! Nor did I know how thou wast even then dealing with me. For with thee is wisdom .” ( Confessions III, iv, 7, 8, emph. mine) Seeking after wisdom – a religious pursuit Becomes involved in Manichaeism
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Augustine: Biography Carthage (cont.) Manichaeism (cont.) Founder: Mani , a third century Persian sage Believed himself to be the Paraclete , or Advocate (Jn. 14:26) In Xnty., Paraclete
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Augustine_Lecture - Augustine of Hippo Roman Roots of...

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