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Chapter2_Lecture_ANE_Peoples_Empires(2)

Chapter2_Lecture_ANE_Peoples_Empires(2) - Chapter 2 The...

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Chapter 2 The Ancient Near East: Peoples and Empires
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Timeline
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The Hebrews: “The Children of Israel” Hebrew Bible – Old Testament Descendants of Abraham Abraham from “Ur of the Chaldees” … … probably Ur in S. Babylonia Lived ca. 19 th Century BC ff. … … but no firm sources for his life outside of Bible Receives call from God: “ … I will make you a great nation” (Gen. 12) Migrates from Mesopotamia to Palestine “God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob” (Jacob => Israel)
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The Hebrews: “The Children of Israel” Descendants of Abraham (cont.) Twelve Tribes – sons of Jacob Migration to Egypt Slaves of Pharaohs on building projects Moses leads them out of Egypt (Exodus, ca. 13 th Century BC) Commemorated annually in Judaism - Passover Troubles with the Philistines Origins of United Kingdom (c. 1200 – c. 1000 B.C.) Israelites emerge as distinct people group … … established united kingdom of Israel
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The Tribes of Israel, about 1000 B.C.
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Israel: The United Kingdom Saul (c. 1020 – 1000 B.C.) Tortured relationship w/David Tries to kill him more than once (e.g., I Sam . 19) David spares Saul’s life (I Sam. 24) Initial success fighting Philistines Dies in battle David (c. 1000 – 970 B.C.) Defeated Philistines Established control of all of Palestine
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Map 2.1: Palestine in the First Millennium B.C.
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Israel: The United Kingdom Solomon (c. 970 – 930 B.C.) Expanded political, military establishments Also extended trade w/neighbors Temple of Jerusalem Best known building project Center of Hebrew religion … … and of kingdom of Israel in general Ark of the Covenant Holy chest w/sacred relics Symbolic throne of God
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A Representation of the Ark of the Covenant (2 nd Century A.D.)
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Israel: The Divided Kingdom Tensions Between Northern/Southern Tribes Kingdom Divides Jeroboam – gets 10 northern tribes (Kingdom of Israel)
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