Chapter3_Lecture_Greek_Culture

Chapter3_Lecture_Greek_Culture - Chapter 3 The Civilization...

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Chapter 3 The Civilization of the Greeks
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Timeline
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The Culture of Classical Greece Classical Greece (ca. 500 – 338 B.C.) Period of brilliant achievement Democracy and Imperialism in Athens under Pericles Lasting contributions to WC Persian invasions – Darius, Xerxes Great Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 B.C.) Thucydides Spartan fear of Athens – ultimate cause Athens – Naval Power; Sparta – Land Power
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The Culture of Classical Greece Classical Greece (ca. 500-338 B.C.) (cont.) Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) (cont.) Plague (430 B.C.) Death of Pericles (429 B.C.) Destruction of Athenian Fleet (405 B.C.) Athens Surrenders – Empire ends (404 B.C.) Greek States fight among themselves (404 – 338 B.C.)
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Map 3.4: The Great Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 B.C.)
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The Culture of Classical Greece The Writing of History History “Systematic analysis of past events” (Spielvogel) Social Science? Discover empirical “truth” about past? Impartial judgment on the past? Humanity? Historian as artist – interprets past Historian/Reader selects evidence based on own perspective(s) Your Views?
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The Culture of Classical Greece The Writing of History (cont.) Herodotus (c. 484 – c. 425 B.C.) “Father of modern history” Victorians – “Father of Lies” The Persian Wars Regarded as first work of history proper “‘Here are presented the researches ( historiae ) carried out by Herodotus of Halicarnassus.’” Said he was trying to write free of bias … … included long, admiring account of the Persians(!) Yet, portrayed struggle between Greek freedom/Persian despotism Biases (and those of his sources) evident H. a child during the wars
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Herodotus (Library of Congress)
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Thucydides
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The Culture of Classical Greece The Writing of History (cont.) Thucydides (c. 460-c. 400 B.C.) Considered greatest historian of ancient world History of the Peloponnesian War Athenian – participated in Peloponnesian War “‘I lived through the whole of it …’” Contra Herodotus: not concerned w/gods as causal factors … … purely rational … “clear, methodical, objective” Human nature a constant … history doesn’t repeat itself … … but study of history helps us understand present
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The Culture of Classical Greece Philosophy (“Love of Wisdom”) Early philosophers stressed rational thought … … about nature of universe, place of divine forces, souls in it Focused on explaining universe … … on basis of unifying principles Didn’t eliminate divinity from world … … identified divinity w/forces governing universe
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The Culture of Classical Greece The Pre-Socratics Milesian Philosophers Began when Thales predicted solar eclipse (585BC) Gk. philosophy begins in colony – Miletus Miletus in modern-day Turkey Three major thinkers Thales (ca. 620 – 546 BC) Anaximander (ca. 610 – 547 BC) Anaximenes (ca. 585 – 528 BC)
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Thales of Miletus
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Anaximander (Raphael, School of Athens)
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Anaximenes
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The Culture of Classical Greece The Pre-Socratics (cont.)
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