Chapter6_Lecture_Roman_Empire(1)

Chapter6_Lecture_Roman_Empire(1) - Chapter 6 The Roman...

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Chapter 6 The Roman Empire
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Timeline
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The Age of Augustus (31 B.C. – A. D. 14) Introduction After Battle of Actium, Rome finally at peace Next 200 yrs. very stable Largest empire in antiquity Octavian declares “restoration of the Republic” (27 B.C.) O. is traditional – respects the Republic … … but realizes it could not be fully restored Senate dubs him Augustus – “the revered one” He prefers princeps – first citizen of the state Principate – constitutional monarch as co-ruler w/senate
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The Age of Augustus (31 B.C. – A. D. 14) The New Order Senate Chief deliberative body of State Princeps Title carried no inherent power … … but every year until 23 B.C., Augustus was consul … … which gave him imperium A. resigns his consulship ( 23 B.C. ) Tired, ill Chooses title (but not office) of tribune instead … … so he could pose as champion of the people
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The Age of Augustus (31 B.C. – A. D. 14) The New Order (cont.) Princeps (cont.) Granted Maius imperium (23 B.C.) Greater imperium than anyone Authority to intervene anywhere in Empire … … at any level of Roman gov’t Could fire officials, hold their offices himself His “cronies” usually win office … … so participation in elections declines Popular assemblies decline as well Yet, he was tremendously popular Why?? Tacitus – “Indeed, he attracted everybody’s goodwill by the enjoyable gift of peace …”
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The Age of Augustus (31 B.C. – A. D. 14) The Army 28 Legions – 150,000 men Auxiliaries – 130,000 men Praetorian Guard – 9,000 men Guarded the princeps Imperator Troops acclaim him imperator after victory … … Augustus prefers princeps Title becomes common during reign of Vespasian (69-79 A.D.)
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Augustus
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The Age of Augustus (31 B.C. – A. D. 14) Empires have their Limits Attempts to conquer Germany Ca. 15 B.C., Romans advance across the Rhine (W. Germany) By 9 B.C., they reach Elbe (E. Germany) Battle of Teutoburg Forest (9 A.D.) Three Roman legions under Varus massacred by Arminius, Germanic tribes Varus vilified by Augustus, Roman historians … “‘Varus, give me back my legions!’” (Augustus)
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Introduction Augustus chooses Tiberius, his stepson, to succeed him Precedent set – Emperor, not the State, chooses the next emperor Establishes Julio-Claudian dynasty A. dies in Sept., 14 A.D. Three days later, he is declared divine
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Christopherprobst during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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Chapter6_Lecture_Roman_Empire(1) - Chapter 6 The Roman...

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