Chapter8_Lecture_Carolingians_Byzantium_Islam

Chapter8_Lecture_Carolingians_Byzantium_Islam - Chapter 8...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8 European Civilization in the Early Middle Ages, 750 - 1000 Timeline, 750-1000 The World of the Carolingians Pepin, King of the Franks (751-768) Supported by the papacy Crowned king, anointed w/oil by pope’s rep. Medieval Germanic/Xn. Fusion Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire (768-814) Charlemagne from Carolus Magnus , or Charles the Great • “determined and decisive man” • “intelligent and inquisitive” • “fierce warrior” • Your textbook author really likes Chuck! World of the Carolingians (cont.) Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire (768 – 814) (cont.) Expansion of the Carolingian Empire • Army gathered each spring for campaign • Carolingians crush the Lombards in Italy (773) • Disastrous campaign in Spain (777) • Overall successful campaigns against the Saxons • Expansion => contact w/Bavarians, Slavs and Avars Governing Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne as Emperor Pope Leo III (795 – 816) • Faces a rebellion in 799 • Flees to Charlemagne’s court • Chuck offers help (Chuck to the rescue!) Charlemagne crowned emperor in 800 • Goes to Rome to help Leo • Christmas Day 800 – Emperor of the Romans • Significance Who initiated? Sets a precedent for papal authority … … which leads to huge problems later Fusion of Roman, Xn., Germanic => foundation of Europe Aachen Cathedral - Exterior Aachen Cathedral – Interior Charlemagne and His Throne Charlemagne Crowned by Leo III The Carolingian Intellectual Revival Scriptoria Roots in communal monasticism St. Benedict of Nursia (ca. 480-543) • Benedict did not found communal monasticism … • But … was its great organizer • Founded Monte Cassino Monastery (ca. 530) Famous pupil – Thomas Aquinas (13 th Century) Bombed by Americans in WWII • Benedictine Rule – guidelines for monastic living...
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Christopherprobst during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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Chapter8_Lecture_Carolingians_Byzantium_Islam - Chapter 8...

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