Chapter9_Lecture_Universities_Revival_of_Classical_Antiquity_Scholasticism

Chapter9_Lecture_Universities_Revival_of_Classical_Antiquity_Scholasticism

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9 Universities and Scholasticism in the High Middle Ages Timeline, High Middle Ages (1000- 1300) The Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages The Rise of Universities Educational Guilds Medieval universities were educational guilds or corporations that produced educated and trained individuals. (Spielvogel, 261) Universitas (Latin) Guild of teachers guild of students At Bologna, students far more influential Early Universities First University in Bologna (ca. 1158) Revival of interest in Roman Law esp. Justinians Corpus Iuris Civilis (Body of Civil Law) Intellectual Centers of Medieval Europe Intellectual & Artistic World of the High Middle Ages The Rise of Universities (cont.) Early Universities (cont.) University of Paris (ca. 1200) Arose out of cathedral school of Notre-Dame Late 12 th Century, teachers formed a guild ( universitas ) Oxford and Cambridge (1208 - 1209) Oxford formed on the Paris model Scholars fleeing hostile townsmen in Oxford => established Cambridge Liberal Arts Curriculum Trivium (Verbal Arts) Grammar Not parts of speech, sentence construction Rather, how words are used to produce effects, different contexts, meanings and expressions. Kings College, Cambridge University - England History Faculty, Oxford University - England Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages The Rise of Universities (cont.) Liberal Arts Curriculum (cont.) Trivium (Verbal Arts) (cont.) Grammar (cont.) Twofold goal: to help students 1.) use language effectively 2.) be critically discerning about the nuances of linguistic expression Poetry and poetic structure (rhythm, meter, stanza) Analysis of Christian scriptures, biblical commentaries, secular writings Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages The Rise of Universities (cont.) Liberal Arts Curriculum (cont.) Rhetoric Art of persuasion through arrangement of words, phrases techniques of delivery strategies of debate Spoken word => Written word Logic/Dialectic Use of formal logic in debates Ability to debate, question part of the learning process Debate a central part of Medieval education Medieval Students Attend a Lecture Classical Antiquity & Scholasticism A Revival of Classical Antiquity Interest in the work of Greeks and Romans Science and philosophy Hippocrates medicine Ptolemy geography, astronomy Euclid math Recovery of Aristotles Works The role of Muslims, Jews Translations: Greek (orig.) => Arabic => Latin Commentaries Muslim philosopher Averros (1126-1198, Crdoba) Jewish philosopher Maimonides (1135-1204, Crdoba) Both were influential to Western scholars Hippocrates of Chios, ca. 470410 BC Euclid of Alexandria, ca. 325-265 BC Ptolemy of Alexandria, ca. 85 165 AD Classical Antiquity & Scholasticism...
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Chapter9_Lecture_Universities_Revival_of_Classical_Antiquity_Scholasticism

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