Chapter11_Lecture_Terrible_14th_Century

Chapter11_Lecture_Terrible_14th_Century - Chapter 11 The...

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Chapter 11 The Terrible Fourteenth Century: Famine, The Black Plague and the Decline of the Church
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Timeline
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The Terrible Fourteenth Century Famine “Little Ice Age” (end 13 th Century) Small drop in overall temperatures leads to … Shortened growing seasons Disastrous weather conditions 1315-1317: Heavy rains in N. Europe … … destroyed harvests; major food shortages … … leading to extreme hunger, starvation Famine spread throughout Europe The Black Death Most devastating natural disaster in European history
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The Terrible Fourteenth Century The Black Death (cont.) Origins Bubonic plague had afflicted rural SW China Mongol troops arrive in mid-13 th century Flea-infested rats carrying the bacteria accompanied Trading caravan brings plague to Caffa (Ukraine) Tantalizing theory: Biological warfare? Mongols had laid siege to Caffa One source says they hurled plague-infected cadavers into the besieged city … … infecting the inhabitants
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The Terrible Fourteenth Century The Black Death (cont.) Origins (cont.) Mongol troops arrive in mid-13 th century (cont.) Tantalizing theory: Biological warfare? (cont.) Fleeing survivors spread plague to Mediterranean ports, Italy Probably true => Plague began in Caffa the way this source describes Hard to verify that Caffa survivors transmitted it … … b/c Mongols controlled many other port cities on the Black Sea Spreads to Sicily (Oct. 1347)
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Mass Burial of Plague Victims
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The Terrible Fourteenth Century The Black Death (cont.) Spreads Quickly S. Italy, S. France, Spain (end 1347) Italy hit very hard Huge losses in commercial cities such as Florence, Genoa, Venice France, Low Countries (Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg), Germany (1348) England, N. Europe, Scandinavia (1349) Losses in France, England nearly as bad as in Italy E. Europe, Russia (1351) Not quite as severe
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Spread of the Black Death
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The Terrible Fourteenth Century The Black Death (cont.) Reactions to the Plague “Extreme psychological reactions”
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Chapter11_Lecture_Terrible_14th_Century - Chapter 11 The...

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