November 3- - November 3 2010 A-Varying the...

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November 3, 2010 A-Varying the Conditions-Increasing or Decreasing Compliance 1- Distance of Authority a. Further away, the less the compliance 2- Distance of Victim a. The closer the victim, the less the compliance 3- Status of Authority a. The higher the authority, the more compliance 4- Status of Individual a. The first person to drop out was a priest b. People who are use to taking commands and in subordinate roles were more likely to not go to higher level vults 5- Presence of others and their behavior a. In a variation of the study, two other confederates were complying with experimentor’s commands. The subject’s rate of compliance went up. a.i. Conformity pressures B-Implications of Milgram’s Findings 1- Subjects were ‘eak’ or sadistic people- *Fundamental attribution error 2- The subjects were ordinary men 3- “ Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs and without any particular hostility, can become agents in a terrible destructive process” –Milgram 4- About 2/3 of people think that they would not go up to 450 volts 5- Milgram conducted the study with the question: why did so many people go along with the Nazis? The final solution. Organized government sanctioned program to illuminate jews and other minorities a. Prior to this, people thought that the Germans were evil 6- External Validity ? a. Accused Milgram of carrying out a study that had no external validity b. Milgram: if people went so far with so little pressure, it’s no wonder that in Nazi Germany people went really far c. People will comply with authority figures even when they are told to do something unethical 7- Ethical issues in this experiment a. Long-term follow-up with subjects C-Other Variables Affecting Compliance and Conformity in Group Contexts 1- In real life, we have conformity and compliance pressures simultaneously 2- Unanimity a. Context of a jury: a perfect laboratory for compliance and conformity b. Have to arrive to a unanimous decision within the group for a verdict c. Unanimity makes it difficult not to comply and not to conform 3- Cohesion a. Often a desirable characteristic for groups b. Desirable- lack of team cohesion can be a problem c. The Problem with High Group Cohesion: c.i. Increases the probability of conformity and compliance
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c.ii. “Get with the program”, “be a TEAM player” 4- 5- Public vs Private behavior a. If we think what authority is telling us is wrong, we will not comply if we are in private b. Public behavior - more conformity and compliance 6- Prior Commitment a. People are unwilling to undo or violate a public commitment 7- Novelty or Ambiguity of Situation- Informational Influence a. Subjects in Milgram study didn’t know about it. Rely heavily on authority figure
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November 3- - November 3 2010 A-Varying the...

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