November 29 - prejudice

November 29 - prejudice - November 29, 2010 FINAL EXAM:...

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November 29, 2010 FINAL EXAM: DECEMBER 20 ---Monday night…8-11 College ave Ch.13 – stereotyping A-Definitions of Prejudice 1- *A negative attitude toward a socially defined group, and any person perceived to be a member of that group a. Mrs. Elliot classroom experiment 2- Cognitive and behavioral Components of Prejudicial Attitude a. Stereotypes- beliefs about social groups used to make inferences, predictions, and attributions about individuals a.i. A kind of schema a.i.1. We use them in making judgments and guiding how we behave a.ii. Distinction between stereotypes and individuating information a.ii.1. Individuating- specific info about one person a.ii.2. Stereotype- generalized a.ii.3. “women aren’t as good as men at math” a.ii.3.a. When you meet a woman, you assume that she is not that good at math. a.ii.3.b. Then you find out that she got 800 on math portion of SAT a.ii.3.c. Will still think that the woman is good at math a.ii.4. People will choose individuating info when they have it a.ii.4.a. Because people know there is variation within groups a.ii.5. Often though, we don’t have individuating info a.ii.5.a. Likely to make judgment based on stereotype a.ii.6. Sometimes the individuating info is ambiguous that could be construed for the better or for worse a.ii.7. Sometimes we don’t have time to use individuating info… requires too much effort to go out of our way and find a.ii.7.a. Easier to use category based info b. Discrimination - Differential treatment based on perceived group membership b.i. Affect b.ii. Cognition- info or knowledge b.iii. Behavior- b.iv. Negative behavior toward outgroup or preferential treatment of ingroup b.iv.1. Or they favor the ingroup with no malice against outgroup B-Are Sterotypes inaccurate, negative, irrational, resistant to cange, and always problematic? 1- For some things, they are clearly wrong, and for other things we don’t know 2- A stereotype is only a belief about a group of people—doesn’t say if they are inaccurate or excessively used, or over-generalized 3- Accuracy vs. Inaccuracy – beliefs about within and between group variability a. Swim (1994) : Gender stereotypes are generally accurate; when not, underestimation of gender difference is more likely
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b. Attempted to find out whether peoples’ beliefs about male-female differences corresponded to what data shows c. Asked people to estimate by how much men and women differ d. Found that by and large, peoples’ stereotypes regarding men and women were
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course SOC. PSYCH 1:830:321 taught by Professor Stephenkilianski during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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November 29 - prejudice - November 29, 2010 FINAL EXAM:...

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