October 6 - October 6 2010 A-How we come to know ourselves...

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October 6, 2010 A-How we come to know ourselves 1- Self-Perception Theory a. We infer our attitudes and feelings by observing our own behavior (and its context) b. If we know what our attitudes and beliefs are we don’t need to look at our behaviors c. It is designed to explain how we form beliefs and attitudes by using our behavior as a clue to how we think and feel d. How do you infer other people’s attitudes? d.i. Through their behavior d.ii. You do the same thing with self-perception theory e. Facial and Kinesthetic feedback studies on the evaluation of stimuli and emotional state f. Explaining the over justification effect g. Facial Feedback Research g.i. People are made to assume a smile or frown by random assignment g.ii. Half the subjects assume a smile, half assume a frown g.iii. Then are asked to evaluate the same stimuli g.iv. Subjects who are made to smile record a positive mood , and evaluate neutral stimuli more favorably g.v. Subjects who assume a frown show a negative mood and record being more sad, frustrated, irritated, annoyed and rate neutral stimuli more unfavorably g.vi. *The facial expression influences g.vii. The face tells the mind what we are feeling g.viii. Are very subtle, and take effect when things are ambiguous g.ix. The mind tells the body what is going on, and the body tells the mind what is going on h. Kinesthetic feedback h.i. Bodily actions that tell people what they feel/think h.ii. Head-nodding h.ii.1. Indicates agreement up and down. From left and write, no h.iii. Pulling toward – pushing away h.iii.1. When people push a lever away, they evaluate more negatively h.iii.2. When people pull toward, they evaluate more positively i. The “ overjustification effect i.i. If given a reward for doing something they enjoy doing, people will do it less (or less well ) after the reward is ceased than if never given a reward at all i.ii. When people are given a reward for doing something they enjoy, and then that reward is subsequently discontinued, they will do that thing less than they would if they had never been given that award.
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course SOC. PSYCH 1:830:321 taught by Professor Stephenkilianski during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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October 6 - October 6 2010 A-How we come to know ourselves...

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