2-22-11 - Language in Communication: How to do Things With...

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Language in Communication: How to do Things With Words The Tools and Rules of Language language is a tool for representation -representation refers to the fact that words and symbols represent our thoughts, feelings, etc -has to do with the information transmission paradigm language is a tool for activity coordination - has to do with the constitutive paradigm as far as social action and activities for any social activity you need language to perform it because it isn’t possible not to. Words guide interactions. language itself is an activity … that is rule-governed Video clip: Rule of language that was broken was that people should contribute more to the debate or conversation in general than a “yes” or “no”. Nothing was resolved and debate didn’t come to a proper conclusion in the end. The Rules of Language When asked a question, answer it in context. Connotation and denotation? Contribute to conversation, don’t leave topic hanging. Clicker question: According to Ruben and Stewart, the difference between conversational rules and traffic rules is that conversational rules are implicit while traffic rules are explicit . Language is a Game! two volunteers?
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What happened? They pick tic tac toe. Every time the guy put an X the girl replaced it with her O. She basically cheated. Tic Tac Toe: Breaching experiment (Garfinkel) language rules is rule-governed (game) - rules are tacit, not written down anywhere, and taken for granted. We ultimately understand the rules of the game - we all assume intersubjectivity, understand shared meaning to an extent, which means we will operate on the same level. rule violations… - generate confusion, frustration, anger, irritation: immoral - disrupts and changes the interaction. Ex. The conversation at the dinner table. - Intersubjectivity & mutual understanding are dependent on morality, it is a moral understanding that for the present purposes we will act like we understand and hold up intersubjectivity.
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Four Components of Language Phonology The study of this is how we study the sound of speech, pronouciation, and combine sounds into words. Think about accents as well. Syntax How words are combined into sentences. Think of grammar rules. Implicit and explicit. Semantics The study of meaning. What is the link between a symbol and it’s meaning. Example of connotation and denotation. pragmatics How do we use language to do things. How do we perform social actions through words. Syntax how words are combined into sentences as in grammar rules productivity: indefinite sentence expansion made possible by rules of syntax. Grammar rules derived from “deep structures” (Chomsky’s generative
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2-22-11 - Language in Communication: How to do Things With...

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