CHAPTER_1 - CHAPTER 1 THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM CHAPTER 1...

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CHAPTER 1 THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM
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CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM Manufacturing an industrial activity that changes the form of raw materials to create products . Manufacturing system - established by an enterprise , facilitate the flow of information to coordinate inputs , processes , and outputs . INPUT Customer demand Materials Money Energy Human resources Education PROCESS Design Production Management OUTPUT Customer goods Capital goods Cost effectiveness manufacturing enterprise
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CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM Improvements in manufacturing have enhanced the products that customers use. What factors improve manufacturing? Inventions of power-transforming machines Development of materials Control of machine processes
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CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM 1.1 EVOLUTION OF THE ENTERPRISE Manufacture – derived from the Latin, manu factus , or literally “ made by hand ”. hand power animal power water power steam power the hand tool power is limited. continuous, but restricted by location. can be located anywhere! better solution than hand power. Beginning of the Industrial Revolution .
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water power an example: CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM 1.1 EVOLUTION OF THE ENTERPRISE
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CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM 1.1 EVOLUTION OF THE ENTERPRISE Motive Power Other machine tool development followed the availability of power and its transmission by overhead power belts . In 1797, the slide rest lathe (later the screw cutting lathe), invented by Henry Maudslay , was one of the first important machines. The early 1900s, the kinematics of the basic machine tools and structures for mechanical cutting methods developed. In 1940s, electrical motor improved the efficiency of power transformation, and eventually power line shafts.
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CHAPTER 1 – THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM 1.1 EVOLUTION OF THE ENTERPRISE The Manufacturing System In the early 1800s: (The beginning of modern manufacturing) Eli Whitney and his cotton gin His interchangeable production His first milling machine His other developments The skills of the operator were the dominant reason for product quality .
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1.1 EVOLUTION OF THE ENTERPRISE The origin of experimentation and analysis in manufacturing processes credited in large measure to Fred W. Taylor. Taylor’s published papers on the art of cutting metals gave a scientific basis to production . Many functions were based on rules and knowledge more than just on physical skills . Such models became operator’s manuals , which are symbolic representation of knowledge about tools , machines , and materials , and their interactions with the environment . Second stage in the manufacturing enterprise
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CHAPTER_1 - CHAPTER 1 THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM CHAPTER 1...

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