ANS Exam 3
Birds as Companion Animals
– believed to be the first bird.
Lived about 150 million years ago. Covered with
Had teeth, long tail, 3 claw-like digits on each wing.
Modern birds appeared about 70
million years ago.
Birds – two legs, two wings, warm blooded, egg laying(oviparous),
feathers on most of their
most with scales on feet, _hollow__bones, numerous fused vertebrae, many capable of flight
- feather tracts
- featherless tracts
Modern birds are classified into 28 orders containing 170 Families and approximately 9500
species of birds.
Bird – Human relationships:
– 3500 years
_Pigeons__ – Racing, Show, Exotics
Show birds – Pigeons, chickens, ducks
_Pets_ – “parrots”, canaries, mynahs, finches, crows
ACCIPTER - The Latin name used for true hawks, such as
_Jess_- The name for the leather straps used to hold a hawk, falcon or owl.
Eyass- A young hawk or falcon.
Haggard- The term for a wild caught adult hawk.
YARAK - An expression used to describe a keen hawk. The feathers on the top and back of
the head being raised slightly.
_Tiercel_- The name for a male
, now generally used for all male raptors.
The word Tiercel has possible connections with the French word meaning one third. In the
case of Peregrines the males are one third smaller
than the females, hence Tiercel.
Manning it- The process of taming a raptor.
_Mutes__- Raptor droppings.
CREANCE - The training line attaching raptor to falconer. Up to 50 feet in length
Novice, general, master – in two slides
Are there different levels of falconry permits? Yes. We recognize three permit levels
apprentice, general, and master.
You must be at least 14 years of age to become an apprentice falconer, and you must have a
general or master falconer as a sponsor while you are an apprentice.
To become a general falconer, you must be at least 18 years of age and you must have
practiced falconry with your own bird(s) at the apprentice level for at least 2 years,
including maintaining, flying, and hunting birds for a total of at least 6 months each year.
To become a master falconer, you must have practiced falconry with your own bird(s) at
the general level for at least 5 years, including maintaining, flying, and hunting birds for a