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Unformatted text preview: 280 chapter outline development 8 chapter module 25 Nature, Nurture, and Prenatal Development Determining the Relative Influence of Nature and Nurture Developmental Research Techniques Prenatal Development: Conception to Birth module 26 Infancy and Childhood The Extraordinary Newborn The Growing Child: Infancy through Middle Childhood module 27 Adolescence: Becoming an Adult Physical Development: The Changing Adolescent Moral and Cognitive Development: Distinguishing Right from Wrong Social Development: Finding Oneself in a Social World Exploring Diversity: Rites of Passage: Coming of Age around the World module 28 Adulthood Physical Development: The Peak of Health Social Development: Working at Life Marriage, Children, and Divorce: Family Ties The Later Years of Life: Growing Old Physical Changes in Late Adulthood: The Aging Body Cognitive Changes: Thinking Aboutand DuringLate Adulthood The Social World of Late Adulthood: Old but Not Alone Becoming an Informed Consumer of Psychology: Adjusting to Death Try It! How Do You Feel About Death? Psychology on the Web The Case of . . . Jean Sweetland, the Woman with Too Many Hats Full Circle: Development 281 Although its far from clear that Links and Zillys relationship was meant to be, it does raise questions of whether and how their early experiences affected their relationship decades later. Their story also serves as an introduction to one of the broadest and most important areas of psychology, developmental psy- chology. Developmental psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the patterns of growth and change that occur throughout life. It deals with issues ranging from new ways of conceiving children, to learning how to raise children most sensibly, to understanding the milestones of life that we all face. Developmental psychologists study the interaction between the unfolding of biologically predeter- mined patterns of behavior and a constantly changing, dynamic environment. They ask how our genetic background affects our behavior throughout our lives and whether our potential is limited by hered- ity. Similarly, they seek to understand the way in which the environment works withor againstour genetic capabilities, how the world we live in affects our development, and how we can be encouraged to reach our full potential. We begin by examining the approaches developmental psychologists use to study the environmental and genetic factors: the naturenurture issue. Then we consider the very start of development, begin- ning with conception and the nine months of life before birth. We look at both genetic and environmen- tal influences on the unborn individual and the way they can affect behavior throughout the remainder of the life cycle....
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- Fall '11