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9 - Ku Klux Klan I Baffling Cycles One of the nations first...

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Ku Klux Klan I. Baffling Cycles: One of the nation’s first terrorist organizations, KKK first appears during Reconstruction and then almost disappears during Jim Crow era.It suddenly reappears around WWI, declines during Depression, re-emerges during Civil Rights era. II.KKK first emerges after Civil War (Reconstruction era) A. Vigilante violence: lynching, floggings, shootings, mutilations B. Purpose: prevent blacks from voting; is invisible government officials could not control C. Membership by 1871: 550,000 D. Upper/middle class leadership: editors, former officers and leaders hide behind sheets E.Declines after1877 since North withdraws: Jim Crow renders invisible gov unnecessary III. First revival 1915-1920s (around WWI) A. 2 events set stage: 1. returning white WWI soldiers compete with blacks for jobs a.Blacks enter northern cities during war to replace whites in industry 2.massive immigration (10 million +) from eastern Europe 1900-1924 B.Not restricted to south, but spreads to northern cities like Chicago C.Violent tactics: tar and feather lynching, use of acid to brand “KKK” into foreheads
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