11 - American Indians in Phase I Colonial Expansion Leads...

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American Indians in Phase I Colonial Expansion Leads to Broken Treaties and Forcible Removal I.English colonial policy leads to partial decimation A.Demographic hemorrhage: decline from at least 2 million to 250,000 by mid-1800s 1. Killed by white’s bullets, encroachments, disease B. Can’t lump into one ethnic group: 300 tribes, 150 languages II.The Legacy of Colonial Power: Forcible Removal onto Reservations A.Proclamation of 1763: all land west of the Appalachians declared Indian Territory 1.Anticipating the future: English government can’t stop settler encroachments B. The “Trail of Tears:” fate 60,000 members of5 “civilizes tribes” in southeast U.S. 1. Cherokee,Choctaw,Chickasaw,Seminole, Creek:settled agriculture,cabin houses 2.Cherokee:written language,bicameral legislature,appelate judiciary,own slaves 3.gold discovered on reservation:Georgia nullifies Cherokee council, raffles land 4.Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831); Worcester v. Gorgia (1832): a.Cherokee autonomy, juridiction over land, upheld by Supreme Court
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course ANT 3451 taught by Professor Chrisgirard during the Fall '09 term at FIU.

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11 - American Indians in Phase I Colonial Expansion Leads...

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