12 - American Indians in Phase II Post-Colonial Policies of...

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American Indians in Phase II Post-Colonial Policies of Cultural Subversion and Control I.California: the last frontier for military suppression of Indians A. Murder of Indians legalized and publically subsidized in California 1. 1851/52 Cal authorizes > $1 million for vigilantes “supressing Indian hostilities” B. Indians primarily viewed as obstacles to be removed rather than as free labor power 1.Exception: slavery in South Carolina for limited duration 2.California: Act for the Government and Protection of Indians (1850-1863) a.Indian Children auctioned off at $50-$200 after parents murdered b.Indentured servitude for up to 10,000 Indians is close to slavery II.The Second Phase of American Policy: BIA subversion of Indian culture A.Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) founded 1824: originally within War Department 1. No other ethnic group subject to such control by single bureaurcacy 2.Control exercised much like total institutions (e.g., prisons, mental institutions) a.Agent’s powers: over schools,; is judge, jury, police;could expel,cut hair
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12 - American Indians in Phase II Post-Colonial Policies of...

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