Midterm II Review Session - Sociology Midterm II Review...

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Sociology Midterm II Review Session: Micro theories of divorce (predictors) Age at marriage o Studies have found that the younger people are when they are married, the more likely they are to be divorced Modern age with early adulthood A time of great change o Doesn’t explain it on a macro level because the age at marriage has gone up and reduced the risk of the early adulthood phase, making an impact on their marriage Lack of homogamy o Like marries like o Differences such as religion, class, education, income, culture- can cause a strain on marriage o Doesn’t explain macro because very few people marry someone that is NOT like them Parental divorce o If you grow up in a home where your parents are divorced, it is normal for you to have this o Children of divorced parents have problems with commitment o More likely to stick it out for the social institution of marriage Cohabitation o Does not increase the likelihood of divorce o People who tend to cohabit are more likely to get divorced anyways Lower education Don’t believe in the institution of marriage o Selection is selecting them into cohabitation and divorce o When you control for selection factors it reduces the chances of divorce o Cohabitation predicts divorce but it is because of selection o Predicts divorce Does NOT increase the likelihood of divorce People tend to cohabit tend to get divorced anyway Less respect for divorce, less religious, lower education o Reduces likelihood of divorce (causation) Macro Explanations No-fault o Divorce rates increased because you did not need documentation Cultural changes o Decreasing stigma Not as much pressure to stay married Wouldn’t be looked at as a horrible person if you were divorced Women’s employment and divorce
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o Are women getting divorced because they have a job? o Or are they getting a job because they are going to get divorced o Women’s employment opportunity effect The rise of the service sector 1970s- economic turmoil, women had to go to work not supported by the data- cant link women having an opportunity to work and the increase in the divorce rate) don’t have to depend on men for income o Income effect Hypothesized to decrease divorce In some ways, it reduces divorce because it makes the relationship better Not proven as a link o
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