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FINAL REVIEW PACKET SOCIOLOGY 120 1. Describe the difference between a public family and private family (use Cherlin’s modern day definitions). Make sure you include ALL of the criteria for both of these family types, and give three real life examples of each. Private families- two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely and who live in the same household and pool their incomes and household labor (does not require marriage, opposite sex partners, or romantic partners) Public families- one or more adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, and who is/are taking care of dependents, and are dependents themselves ( adults, dependents, care function) 2. What are some of the social consequences of families? Families can have important, often unintended, consequences for society Marriage contributes to economic inequality between households o Homogamy “like marrying like” o If opposites attract, than people’s incomes would be equal because someone who made a lot of money would marry someone who did not make a lot of money and vis-versa o Because like marries like, the people who are making a lot of money marry those who are also making a lot of money causing those people to be at an economic advantage over those who do not make a lot of money who marry those who also do not make a lot of money 3. Describe some communities that are “family-like” but do not fit the official definitions of private and public families. Families of choice: formed through voluntary ties among non-co resident individuals who are not biologically or legally related o Friendship based families of choice are common among upper-middle class gay couples Fictive kin: in African American communities Living apart together: childless marriage like relationships, living in separate households
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4. What is the family structure and what are the childrearing practices of the Na? What lessons do we learn from the Na? Family structure Male and female children stay with mother for life Multiple “secret” sexual partners, no lifelong partnership Particular theory of procreation o “Watering the field”- “it doesn’t matter who does the watering” Concept of fatherhood does not exist o Fathers are typically unknown o The father has no part in child rearing Maternal uncles are the father figures The Lessons of the Na 1. There are endless variations of possible family structures a. It is possible to have a society without fathers and husbands that has radically different ideas of parenthood than our own b. There is no single “natural” family structure 2. Social consequences of particular family structures depend on how system of kinship is designed a. For Na, absence of fathers is not a social problem (maternal uncles as father figures), because that is how the entire system is designed. Consequences depend on context! 5.
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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