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Lecture 4 - Sociology Lecture4 (pt1 Review...

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Sociology  Lecture 4 History of the US Family (pt 1) 23:40 Review  Radical innovations Extended the prohibited degrees of marriage Prohibited adoption Invented new categories of kinship- god/spiritual Devalued marriage Stable characteristics  Limit families strategies of heirship Ways for families to create heirs Inheritance- primer ways for people to own land If your spouse died you could no longer marry You could not adopt You could not divorce The only way to produce the heir was to get married and have legitimate children Was hard because they limited who you could marry Restricted private land ownership 16 century- the Reformation changed laws (church laws) first massive change- changes the number of sacraments (baptism, ordination of  priests, marriage)- not a god given institution divorce remained extremely rare 
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marriage is no longer viewed as a sacrament- ideal state of being  redistributed land to the family – marriage again became more important United States (1790-1920) Two revolutions Political revolution Independence will provide powerful metaphors and propels legal change Increasing independence between Britain and the us The industrial revolution Industrial revolution effects ideological changes, gender roles Relationship between social and economic change- very complicated Political an Legal Changes The “great divorce” from England 1776 (the revolution) An opportunity to re-label the family- sneak in a little bit of social change  Marriage is secularized Institution held up by public vows, law and custom No longer religious overt laws Marriage is taken away from church courts Divorce becomes possible State variations Who is at fault for damaging the marriage?
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