Lecture 12 - Sociology120 Lecture12 14:29 Review...

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Sociology 120 Lecture 12 14:29 Review Sexual orientation Preferences Behavior Identity Measuring homosexuality Biosocial perspective Sexual Orientation in History Colonial Era (18 th  century) Church control (considered “ungodly,” “sin”)  Refers to a variety of protestant nations- the puritans The language that was used to talk about same sex behavior was “sin” and  “redemption” The act was transgression against the holy people  Focus on sexual acts E.g. sodomy (within or between sexes)  Was considered in the same was as sodomy between husband and wife as between  men, but the fact that it was between two men didn’t up the anti a lot No homosexual identity The category did not exist Until 1880  Legal control (considered “unnatural”) 
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Were laws against certain practices Focus on anal intercourse- illegal  Separate spheres, Western towns, cult of friendship Greater opportunities for gay sex Separate spheres- because the work place and the home were separated, men and  women were also very separated in their social lives, not just their work lives Same sex friends would write each other very intimate letters Did not mean that they had sexual relations The terminology used in the letters suggested this, even though back then this did not  mean this and it wasn’t an issue No homosexual identity People were not being classified by their sexual relationships or behaviors  1880 to Mid-20 th  Century  Homosexuality as disease (“normality” vs. “deviance”)  Now considered a disease- if you were homosexual, you were sick Concept of “homosexual identity” first emerges. External and internal support of identity creation Classify people in a different way Enormous stigma is put on the homosexual people Often there is an identity formation in that group that is used as a defense mechanism
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Lecture 12 - Sociology120 Lecture12 14:29 Review...

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