Lecture 13 and 14 - Sociology 120 Lecture 13 and 14 14:30...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 120 Lecture 13 and 14 14:30 Review Sex and marriage Does Teenage Childrearing Cause Disadvantage? Fact: teenage mothers get less education, lower income, greater risk of unemployment later in life. Question: negative outcomes causation or selection?" Causation: TB creates negative outcomes" Selection: different kinds of women sort in to TB vs. non-TB. Differences between women w/ and w/o TB may be preexisting rather than be due to TB" On average Women who have teenage births have lower outcomes ON AVERAGE We try to simplify intelligently Graph EXAM QUESTION** four reasons why it causes the outcomes Straight line Represents the theory that teenage childbearing makes the outcomes happen- causation Some event creates an outcome, causes the outcome to occur A certain woman becomes unemployed because she was a teenage mother Two lines Selection Preexisting Individuals who come from families with low education, low income, inherit the status The higher the socio-economic status, the lower the chance that the child with have a teenage birth Have higher outcomes The parents are more likely to use contraception Higher probability of paying for an abortion Those who do not have a teenage birth will have higher outcomes Having a teenage birth relates to lower outcomes (not causation, on average) Findings- teenage mothers don’t do as well later on in life Teenage birth causes this Selection- doesn’t make a difference for the creation, different types of women get sorted into these categories Direct correlation between stork theory More storks means more babies Is this casual or selection Need storks to make babies, if there aren’t enough storks, the birth rate would be lower- causation Background factor- more storks you have the more babies there are (selection) Storks don’t live in cities Rural towns have more storks and more babies Geronimous & Korenman (1992) Compare sisters w/ & w/o teenage birth (were not married as teenagers) (kept their child for at least a little while) Compare the income later in life Sisters grew up together in the same household, and there for have earned the same socio-economic background Sisters have same parental + socioeconomic background, they are comparable in this respect (no selection!) Finding: Women with TB earn significantly less later in life than women w/o TB But they don’t earn less than their sisters w/o TB....
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Lecture 13 and 14 - Sociology 120 Lecture 13 and 14 14:30...

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