Lecture 15 - Sociology120 Lecture15 14:49...

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Sociology 120 Lecture 15 14:49 Benefits of Marriage Marriage per se may confer additional benefits Marriage as an institution Expectation of permanence!  Marriage is a socially enforced public commitment!  Enforceable trust  Facilitates specialization, and thus increases gains  Resource pooling Legal privileges, derived benefits E.g. tax breaks, alimony, pensions, social security, Medicare  Marriage provides stronger insurance function than cohabitation Marital role behaviors  Men reduce risky behaviors Relative Merits- Can we Tell? Married men and women, on average, are better off than unmarried people with respect  to: Partially due to the selection of advantaged individuals into marriage, and of “bad risks”  out of marriage Lower rates of spousal violence in marriage compared to cohabitation may be entirely  due to selection Who wants to marry someone who is violent
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People who are more prone to violence are less likely to get married If violence occurs in a relationship, married people are more likely to get out of it than  cohabiters  Married-men’s wage premium - “Jerk effect” Married men make more money than unmarried men 1950s- family wage model- employers discriminated on marital status- now illegal  (causal) women and employers like the same men hard working reliable trustworthy jerks don’t get married Advantage individuals marry and challenged individuals do not marry Partially due to causation  Marriage really does seem to improve people’s lives  Required reading: Waite ( course website) Female Labor Participation (LFP) The movement of married(!) women (married, middle class) into the labor force is one of  the most important changes in the American family in the 20th Century Labor force: employed (full or part time) + unemployed (not working but looking for work, 
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Lecture 15 - Sociology120 Lecture15 14:49...

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