Lecture 17 - Sociology120 Lecture17 14:34 Review...

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Sociology 120 Lecture 17 14:34 Review Care work and housework Who does what? Second shift Understanding gender division of household labor Total hours is equal  No two peoples interest align completely Power-make people do stuff against their will Authority- make people do what one wants, willingly or complying Social construction of legitimacy Self-reinforcing mechanisms Happen at intersection of gender wage gap, age difference, and  Some will reduce hours  Maximizing income  Strategies of coming to terms with inequality –  “Family myths” Rise of Grandparents Grand parenting emerged as mass phenomenon only since ~WWII In 1900, <25% of newborns had four living grandparents, 20% of 30 year olds had any  living grandparents  Life expectancy was less than 50 years of age
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In 2000, >66%, >75% Today life expectancy is on average 80  For the first time, most grandchildren and grandparents know each other Reasons  Mortality decline  Increased life expectancy (+ “good years”)  Gender and race differences Fertility decline Smaller sibship; emphasizes vertical kinship At a time when it was common to have 4 or 5 siblings, the greatest relationship is  between siblings- horizontal Now that there are less children, it is vertical meaning a closer relationship with the  parents Causing there to be a greater relationship with the grandparents Having time to interact with a certain individual Parents with less kids, they spend less of their adult lives spending time with the  children Once the kids are out of the house, and they have their own kids, the grandparents now  have time to fill the role as the grandparent Youngest child leaves home earlier, frees up grandparent’s time Fewer kids than in the 1900s and 1950s Living Arrangements  Increase in single living among elderly since mid-century  1940/50: <10% live alone  2000: m20%, w40% live alone
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Lecture 17 - Sociology120 Lecture17 14:34 Review...

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