midterm 1 vocab - SOC. 120 VOCABULARY Midterm 1...

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SOC. 120 VOCABULARY Midterm 1 Breadwinner-homemaker family: married couple with children in which the father words for pay and mother does not Individualism: style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life Utilitarian individualism: style of life that emphasizes self-reliance and personal achievement, especially in ones work life Expressive individualism: style of life that emphasizes developing ones feelings and emotional satisfaction Monogamy: marriage with one spouse Polygamy: multiple spouses Polygyny: men have more than one wife Polylandry: women has more than one husband Externalities: benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces something Negative externalities: costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business produces something of value to itself Positive externalities: benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something but for which the producer is not fully compensated Public goods: things that may be enjoyed by people who do not produce them themselves Free-rider problem: tendency for people to obtain public goods by letting others do the work of producing for them Public family: one adult (or two) who are related by marriage, partnership or shared parenthood who take care of dependents and the dependents themselves Private family: two or more individual who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely (or until adulthood) and who live in same house and pool incomes/household labor Created kinship: kinship ties peole have to construct actively
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Assigned kinship: kinship ties that people more or less automatically acquire when they are born or marry Family of choice: a family formed through voluntary ties among individuals who are not biologically or legally related Hunter-gatherers: people who wander through forests or over plains hunting animals and gathering plants Lineage: form of kinship group in which descent is traced through fathers or mothers lines Patrilineage: traced through fathers line Matrilineage: traced through mothers line bilateral kinship: descent is linked through both mother and fathers line Conjugal family: kinship group comprised of husband, wife, and children Extended family (nuclear): comprised of conjugal family plus other relatives present in household (ex grandparents) Familial mode of production: means of production in which family produces nearly all its own food, makes clothes and builds house Labor market mode of production: people work for pay and produce less of their own use at home and buy and sell more on the market
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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midterm 1 vocab - SOC. 120 VOCABULARY Midterm 1...

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