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Unformatted text preview: Gender and Women Studies Lecture 10 16:55 HORMONES: Are released by the endocrine glands Travel through the bloodstream Affect target organs and cells Are effective in very small quantities Two hormones Estrogen Physiological effects Vagina Epithelium becomes thicker Vaginal secretions are more acidic Cervix Cervical glands produce a clear, watery secretion with little mucous and low viscosity Right environment to facilitate the sperm to get into the uterus Uterus Endometrium is stimulated to grow Increase number of cells (hyperplasia) Increase in size of existing cells (hypertrophy) Slight increase in uterine contractions Fallopian tubes Lining of the tubes becomes the right environment for fertilization Tubes are thicker but slippery Allow the egg and sperm to move together toward the uterus The cilia beat towards the uterus Pushing the egg if it fertilized or if it is not Breast Growth of duct tissue Increase fat disposition Enlarge breast size Bones Stronger bones Heart/circulatory system Lowers blood cholesterol May protect against heart disease Progesterone Physiological effects Vagina No dramatic changes Cervix Cervical mucous becomes sticky Prevents passage of sperm through the cervical canal Uterus...
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course GWS 103 taught by Professor Aronselly during the Spring '11 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Spring '11