Burgundy-Italy-GOOD

Burgundy-Italy-GOOD - Burgundy 1 Burgundy – Bourgogne 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Burgundy 1. Burgundy – Bourgogne 1. Wine making – Established maybe before Romans 51 BC 2. Certainly before 4 th Century AD 3. Monks had stone rooms & cellars – kept records for systematic improvement & organization 4. Benedictine – Cluny – 910 – Powerful 1. Owned many vineyards around Gevry – Romanée Conti, Richebourg, La Tache, Pommard 2. Cistercians (Citeaux) 1098 – “cross & plow” 1. 1118 – Chablis – white 2. 1110 – Given & then purchased more of Vougeot 3. 1336 put wall around Clos de Vougeot 1. Other places – understood terroir & the idea of crus (superior vineyards or growths) 4. Avignon 1. 1305 – Pope Clement – Babylonian Captivity, Papal Schism – corrupt, extravagant 1. Burgundy surged 2. Urban V 1362-1370 – went to Rome 3. Returned due to infighting – 1367 4. Petrarch letter “come back though best Burgundy not S. of Alps” 5. Dukes of Burgundy – 1363-1470 1. Philip the Bold – Son King John – France 2. 1395 decreed Beaujolais harmful – to be gone by Easter 3. Pinot Noir Grape instead – also fertilizer bad (why?) 6. Grandson Philip the Good – 1429-67 – still thundering about Gamay threats to wines & Dukes of Burgundy 7. Chancellor Nicolas Rolin – Hospice de Beaune 1443 8. Burgundy – State almost kingdom – reincorporated (Charles the Rash) 9. Louis XIV Burgundy – Négociants 1. Wines in Nobility or Church until Revolution 2. Sold 1791 3. Equal inheritance Napoleonic code 4. Hundreds of producers 5. Mildew, phylloxera – riots pro & con treating wines 6. American rootstocks banned 1874-1887 – eventually they wised up 7. Good part only best areas could afford to replant 10. Domaine – Burgundy equivalent to chateau 1. 1962 – 15% Domaine bottles – 1990 – 50% 11. Soils 1. Geography – Chalk (Limestone Hills) Kimmeridgian 2. Continental climate 3. Colder – shorter & more variable summer 4. Rain – May, June, October – Frost Chablis – Hail 12. Furthest N. (in main area) fine red wine region 1. Soils – mixtures – lime & marl. 2. Sides of hills soil mixtures, good air & water drainage 3. Face east by south 4. Cote d ‘Or – Hills of Gold; Actually – Côte D’Orient faces to the South East 5. Made of Cote de Nuits and Cote de Beaune 6. Hill 30 miles long, 1 ½ miles to few hundred yards wide 13. Quality Factors – Well defined – Region Burgundy 1. District Cote de Nuits 2. Village Gevry-Chambertin 3. Vineyard – Chambertin – Clos de Beze 14. Vineyards Ranked 1. 1. Grand Cru 1. Le Musigny, Le Corton, Le Montrachet, Chambertin 2. 2. Premier Cru – has commune name followed by vineyard 3. Are some areas that are better than P. Crus but not grand 1. Pommard, Volnay 2. Cote de Nuits – Pinot Noir – Father Bertin – Champ field 3. North-Gevry-Chambertin – Chambertin Chambertin – Clos de Beze 4. Firmest long living velvety red Burgundies 5. Morey St. Denis 6. Chambolle-Musigny – delicate 7. Monopole – One owner of a vineyard 8. Need to know the producer/négociant...
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Burgundy-Italy-GOOD - Burgundy 1 Burgundy – Bourgogne 1...

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