Racism and Brexit 1RacismNameCourseLecturerInstitutionCity, State
Racism and Brexit 2Racism in BritainRacism has existed throughout human history and is the belief that all members of a certain race are inferior to another race based on particular characteristics or qualities such as their ethnicity, cultural norms and values or the colour of their skin. Racism manifests when discrimination, prejudice and antagonism are directed against another individual of a specific race. In the 18th century, scientific ideologies were advanced to validate the need for racism. A common approach used to justify racism is that there were dangers associated with racial interbreeding. Despite the inaccuracy, the ideology was widespread and embraced. For example, laws were implemented banning racial mixing in certain U.S states from 1691-1967 as well as in South Africa during the Apartheid period. Pseudoscientific racism has also influenced the continuation of racism. The theory seeks to reveal the biological differences between races, which supports and justifies racial inferiority to be natural and a required phenomenon for evolutionary effects totake place. Pseudoscientific racism was common during the imperialism period, where it was implicated to justify white European imperialism and was specifically aimed at preserving white rule and oppression of ethnic minorities. Thus, an argument can be made that racism is a social construct. Despite the advancements of science, racism in Britain is evidently a major problem. This essay will critically unearth the facts regarding the current state of racism in Britain and the significant impact it produces, both on the individuals who experience it and the wider community. The works of Fanon Frantz and Stuart Hall, will be significant in guiding this research.Frantz Fanon’s work was written in the 1960’s however, his work is still relevant today. Fanon uses a psychoanalytic theory give more insight on the experience of the Black person in a white man’s home. He asserts that, there are feelings of inadequacy due to prejudice and racism.. In
Racism and Brexit 3his writings, Black Skin: White Masks, Fanon asserts a powerful metaphor which suggests that the relationship between the black man in a white society is similar to that of the colonizers and the colonized. He considers himself “a drop of the sun on the earth” (Fanon, 2017, 19). This depicts the de-humanisation felt by Fanon because of his colour and although society today has abetter understanding of the psychological effects of racism, prejudice against ethnic minorities inBritain remains. For example, research indicates, the police are 28 times more likely to invoke ‘Section 60’ stop and search authorities aimed at black and other minority groups more that the British whites. Analysis of all stop and searches during 2014 to 2015, by Stopwatch indicated that Blacks and Minority individuals are 4.2 times as likely as white people to be stopped and be frisked by the authority.