Exam 2 Review Sheet-Answers

Exam 2 Review Sheet-Answers - Introduction to Speech...

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Introduction to Speech Communication Exam 2 Review Sheet: (Chapters 4-7) Chapter 4: Verbal Communication q Describe the principles of verbal communication Symbolic: represent reality, objects and thoughts, use of the triangle between thought, referent, and symbol Arbitrary: no concrete connection between the words and symbols because new words are constantly added into the dictionary due to there always being new words Connotative/denotative: words have both dictionary meanings (denotative) and personal/subjective meanings (connotative) through personal experiences Meanings in people: how the individuals interpret information Context-bound: meaning comes from the situation the are used in Culture-bound: vary based on relationships with each other Concrete/abstract: words are not the concrete or tangible phenomena to which they refer o They stand for those phenomena-ideas, people, events, objects, feelings, and so forth, but they are not the things they represent Rule-based: shared understandings among members of a particular culture or social group about what communication means and what behaviors are appropriate in various situations o These rules guide our communication and how we interpret the communication of others o 2 kinds of rules regulative and constitutive q Give an example of the difference between connotative and denotative meanings. Example: pig o Denotative: a farm animal o Connotative: someone who eats too much too fast q Describe the difference between regulative and constitutive rules. Regulative: regulate interaction by specifying when, how, where, and with whom to communicate about certain things Constitutive: define what a particular communication means or stands for q What are some of the ways that language is powerful? Give some examples. 1
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Organizes: creates categories based on experience o Growing up, learning the bad words not to say Defines relationships based on responsiveness, liking, and power o If somebody positively responds to you then you are more likely to open up to them q Describe how language defines, evaluates, and organizes. Defines: tells others how to think or feel about something o Ex: How is my boyfriend? He is smart. o Loaded language- encourages extreme perceptions o Reappropriation- reclaiming previously degrading terms Evaluates: language is not neutral o Ex: David Sedaris Clip about the F-word. Organizes: creates categories q Describe how language defines relationships and interaction in terms of responsiveness, Responsiveness: if you text someone to hang out tonight and they never respond you are prone to think they never want to because of their lack of response (interest we show on people based on feedback) Liking: if you ask someone to hang out and they respond positively your relationship progresses positively (the expression of level of enjoyment on another’s company) Power: if someone talks down to you and you accept it you are giving them the power
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Exam 2 Review Sheet-Answers - Introduction to Speech...

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