Chapter13_Lecture_Reformation_Relgs_Warfare_16th_Century

Chapter13_Lecture_Reformation_Relgs_Warfare_16th_Century -...

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Chapter 13 Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century
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Sixteenth Century Timeline
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Prelude to the Reformations Christian/Northern Renaissance Humanism Christian Humanists A Reform movement within the Church Def. : “An educational movement which sought to reform church and society by placing emphasis upon eloquence and looking to classical antiquity for inspiration.” More about how ideas obtained, expressed than ideas themselves … Content less important to Xn. humanists Like Italian counterparts (e.g., Petrarch), cultivated knowledge of classics (Cicero, Seneca) Focused on sources of early Xnty Believed Xnty. distorted by complex arg’s of HMA ( esp. scholastic theology )
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Prelude to the Reformations Christian/Northern Ren. Humanism (cont.) Christian Humanists (cont.) Focused on sources of early Xnty (cont.) Motto: “ Ad Fontes ” ( “to the fount”; i.e., “back to the sources”) Scholastics utilized medieval quotations of classics Humanists relied upon primary sources Sources: Xn. Scripture, Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome Desiderius Erasmus (1466 – 1536) Born in Holland “Prince of the humanists”
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Prelude to the Reformations Christian/Northern Ren. Humanism (cont.) Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) (cont.) Handbook of the Christian Knight (1503) “The Philosophy of Christ” Xnty. a guiding philosophy of life … … not “merely” a system of dogma and practice The Praise of Folly (1511) Over forty editions printed during his lifetime Overall, six-hundred editions Very controversial The first modern “best-selling author?” Concerned about moral reform; focus on imitating Christ
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Prelude to the Reformations Christian/Northern Ren. Humanism (cont.) Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) (cont.) The Praise of Folly (1511) (cont.) Humorous criticism of corrupt practices in church, society “… the mind of man is so framed that it is rather taken with the false colors than truth; of which if anyone has a mind to make the experiment, let him go to church and hear sermons, in which if there be anything serious delivered, the audience is either asleep, yawning, or weary of it; but if the preacher . .. as too often it happens, fall but into an old wives’ story, they're presently awake, prick up their ears and gape after it.” Erasmus “laid the egg that Luther hatched” … … but came to disapprove of Luther, reformers Wanted reform from within the church
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Prelude to the Reformations Christian/Northern Ren. Humanism (cont.) Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) (cont.) Critical Edition of the New Testament (1516) In Greek, rather than Latin ( Ad Fontes !) Compared earliest Greek manuscripts of NT But also included a new Latin translation St. Jerome’s Latin Vulgate authoritative edition since 4 th Century! Differs with Vulgate in subtle but substantial ways …
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Christopherprobst during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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Chapter13_Lecture_Reformation_Relgs_Warfare_16th_Century -...

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