p129-146 - P129-146 Romans Part II Slavery Very common in...

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P129-146 Romans Part II Slavery Very common in ancient world o The richer the more slaves you had Latifundia -huge gangs of slaves that worked the large landed estates o Argued by Cato the elder to be cheaper to work them to death and then replace them Slaves were used for everything from tutoring to menial tasks o Branded, inadequately fed, beaten Famous revolt by Spartacus (Thracian gladiator) in 73 BC in southern Italy o Later killed in 71 BC as well as his followers Roman Family Paterfamilias-dominant male; had absolute power over his family, could sell them into slavery, o Romans believed due to female weakness men had to protect them. o Women did find ways to circumvent the paterfamilias in the late Republic Marriage Arranged by father of the bride Married cum manu=with legal control; passing from father to husband o This changed to sine manu “without legal control,” in the 1 st century BC since most of the father’s of married women were dead This allowed for considerable power that forceful women could use inside and out of the family Divorce became popular in 1 st century due to political marriages Legal age was 12 but Roman doctors said it was harmful to impregnate young girls Upper-class Women Were not segregated from males in the home
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o Free to do whatever they want except participate in public life However they did manage/protect their husbands political interests and estates Roman Law The twelve tablets were good except that they needed to be altered This gave way to The praetors who made corrections and additions o They issued edicts by listing his guidelines for dealing with different kings of legal cases o Also relied on Roman jurists-amateur law experts for advice in preparing their edicts Jurist interpretations often embodied in the edicts of the praetors, created a body of legal principles 242 BC a second praetor was appointed who was responsible for examining suits between Romans and non-Romans; and two non-Romans o gave rise to special rules known as the ius gentium= the part of the law which we apply to us and foreigners o however in the late Republic due to the influence of Greek philosophy led to the idea of ius naturle=divine natural law accd. To Roman principles Art and Literature Stongly influenced by greek models Platus(254-184) o
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