P179-195 - P179-195 Late antiquity and the Emergence of the...

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P179-195 Late antiquity and the Emergence of the Medieval World Roman Empire was experiencing number of problems as well as witnessing the growth of a new religion—Christianity In order to restore the empire, emperors Diocletian and Constantine initiated a number of reforms that created the Late Roman Empire o Constantine converted made Christianity a state religion Thanks to Constantine the empire survived but was plagued with Germanic tribe raids o By 2 nd half of 5 th Century Germanic kingdoms in the west of Europe forming the basis of new civilization Many of the Germanic invaders became Christian o Clovis, leader of the Franks, married the Burgundian princess who was Christian and pleaded him to convert o He said, “that god can do nothing” but beseeched Jesus’ name when his forces were falling at the hands of the Alemanni When he did this they fled (Alemannians) and he kept his vow as a Christian As the Germanic Kingdoms were putting down roots in the west the eastern old Roman Empire (mostly Greek in culture) continued as the Byzantine Empire o This served as buffer for Europe and eastern peoples o Preserved Greek and Roman culture At the same time a new culture centered on Islam emerged in the east and spread through large parts of the Byzantine Empire Late Roman Empire Gained new lease on life through Diocletian and Constantine Diocletian rose the ranks to be a military leader, his praetorian prefect killed the emperor Numerian o Then Diocletian killed the prefect making himself emperor Political Reforms
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Diocletian (284-305) created a new administrative system o # of provinces was increased to almost one hundred by creating smaller districts superintended by more officials o each were grouped into twelve dioceses headed by an official vicar o 12 dioceses grouped into four prefectures (prefectures were called “Augustus”) o then the entire Roman Empire was divided into 2 parts east and west; with 2 prefectures ruling each side every “Augustus” was assisted by a “Caesar” or vice-emperor who could succeed to ‘Augustus’ status; and each set lived in a different administrative capital this setup was known as a tetrarchy or rule by 4 Diocletian ruled the east and Maximan the west o Diocletian believed that one man was incapable of ruling such a big empire o Due to Diocletian’s military seniority he was held in higher status and thus held the ultimate authority Then Diocletian retires in 305, leading to power struggle where Constantine gained control with Licinius in 312 o Constantine and his forces defeat Licinius in 324 leaving him sole ruler (324-360) Constantine continues and expands autocratic polices of Diocletian but Constantine made changes that would increase the power of the emperor far more than Augustus and any other emperor o He was now clothed in jewel laden robes of gold and blue and seen as a divinely sanctioned monarch whose will was law. o
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Christopherprobst during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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P179-195 - P179-195 Late antiquity and the Emergence of the...

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