p261-272 - p261-272 Rise of Universities o Were educational...

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p261-272 Rise of Universities o Were educational guilds or corporations that produced educated and trained individuals Though monastic schools were the centers of learning from the 9 th century they were surpassed in the course of 11 th century by secular clergy o Primarily they were used to educate priests but later attracted other individuals who desired some education but did not want to become priests First European university appeared in Bologna, Italy o Made up of laymen who formed a guild— universitas which was recognized and given a charter by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa o They formed this to protect themselves and learn as much of the law in order to apply it to their jobs By the Late Middle Ages kings, popes, and princes vied to found universities o Most located in France Italy, Germany and England Studies at a medieval university centered around a trivium and quadrivium o Trivium: grammar, rhetoric, logic o Quadrivium: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music
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p261-272 - p261-272 Rise of Universities o Were educational...

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