p323-337 - P323-337 German states Holy Roman empire has...

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P323-337 German states Holy Roman empire has begun to fall apart in the High Middle ages and after the failure of the Hohenstaufen empire and Germany became a land of hundreds of virtually independent states Eventually in 1356 by the Golden Bull issued by Emperor Charles IV (1346- 1378) All 7 elected one who was to be the “King of the Romans” o 3 ecclesiastical rulers o 4 lay princes This usually left the emperor powerless and princes fought amongst each other Italian States 14 th century saw two tendencies o the replacement of republican governments by tyrants o expansion of larger city-states at the expense of the less powerful ones Also there was change of great significance—the development of larger regional states as the larger states conquered the smaller ones o Condottieri- leaders of the mercenaries who sold their services to the highest bidder Decline of Church Dispute over who had sovereignty to tax: church or state Pope Boniface VIII and Philip IV fight about this
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p323-337 - P323-337 German states Holy Roman empire has...

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