P393-410 - P393-410 Reformation in England was started by...

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P393-410 Reformation in England was started by King Henry VIII who wanted to divorce his current wife to marry Anne Boleyn to produce a male heir He asked Cardinal Wosley to annul the marriage but the papacy was reliant on the Holy Roman Emperor who was a nephew of Henry’s current wife Catherine So Henry dismisses Wosley in 1529 and new advisers take power Thomas Cromwell and Thomas Cranmer o They say to obtain annulment through ecclesiastical courts in England which cut off appeals from English church courts to Rome, a piece of legislation that essentially abolished papal authority in England o Established the Anglican Church 1534 by Parliament with the Act of Supremacy Declared the king was supreme ruler of earth and Church of England; and the Treason Act made the king the head of the church This was challenged by Thomas Moore because he saw that through this legislation loyalty to the pope in Rome was now treason in England o He could not accept the victory of the national state over the church nor would he as a Xn bow his head to a secular ruler in matters of faith o Was beheaded Even though Henry broke away not much change took place afterward Mary daughter of Catherine of Aragorn (Henry’s first wife) takes the throne after Henry dies Mary marries Philip II a Catholic king of Spain and both try to bring back Catholicism to England and burns many heretics at the stake
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P393-410 - P393-410 Reformation in England was started by...

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