Cities and States-001

Cities and States-001 - Anthropology 104 The Human...

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Anthropology 104 The Human Experience The Emergence of Cities and States Chapter 6
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What is Civilization?
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Civilization Civilization -a society which has cities, social stratification, and state level society
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Beginning of Civilization Neolithic villages > towns > cities > states 6,000 ya-Mesopotamia 5,000 ya-China 4,500 ya-Nile River Valley & Indus River Valley 4,000 ya-Peru 2,000 ya-Mesoamerica
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Characteristics of Early Cities Large Population Mohenjo-Daro – 20,000 (2,000 BC) Teotihuacan – 100,000 (200 BC to 750 AD)
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Characteristics of Early Cities Organized planning by central authority Ruling class Planned design Protection from disaster Floods Raiders Increasing technology
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Characteristics of Early Cities Social stratification Rulers Priests Artisans/Merchants Commoners Economic diversity Craft Specialization-people worked a “job”
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Evolution of a City Tikal: A Case Study Good test questions!!!!
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Example: Tikal During the 1950’s and 60’s the University of Pennsylvania and Guatemalan government excavated the site First excavated the sites center Later they excavated the surrounding small mounds- Allowed for understanding of the people and sites complexity
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Example: Tikal Surveying the Site Surveyed 6 km² around the site Site turned out to be much larger-120km²!! Mapped the locations of structures (buildings) and features (mounds, etc.) Initial Excavations Six structures Two plazas 100 small structures (mounds)
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course ANTHRO SOC 101 taught by Professor Kylelubsen during the Fall '10 term at MO St. Louis.

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Cities and States-001 - Anthropology 104 The Human...

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