Culture-002 - The Characteristics of Culture Chapter 8...

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The Characteristics of Culture Chapter 8 Begin Cultural Anthropology
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What is Culture???
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Concepts of Culture Culture -A society’s shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions , which are used to make sense of experiences and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior
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Culture Anthropologists have discovered similarities that all cultures have Culture is Learned Shared Based on symbols Integrated Dynamic
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Culture is Learned Enculturation- the process of passing culture on from one generation to the next and individuals becoming members of a society Eating in humans is learned Dinner time (US early evening/Spain late evening) How food is cooked What foods we eat (US beef/Italy veal/SA guinea pigs) Religious needs-wine and bread=blood and body of Jesus Christ The needs for food, shelter, sex, and companionship are not
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Cultures is Learned All mammals have some learned behavior Dogs tricks-not culture they are reflexive (repetition) Not taught to puppies by mother Chimps-nut cracking and termite “fishing” are culture, passed on!
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Culture is Shared Shared ideas, values, perceptions, and standard behaviors Used to predict how others will act/react Society -an organized group or groups of interdependent people who generally share a common territory, language, and culture and who act together for collective survival and well being
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Cultures is Shared Humans cannot have culture without society nor society without culture!! Bees and ants act cooperatively without culture Culture is not uniform Idiosyncratic-people, in same culture, will have variations Sex -biological category (male/female) Gender -cultural elaboration and meaning assigned to the biological differences between the sexes – a role one plays Mannies-male nannies Transvestites-males or females that dress and act like the opposite sex
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Cultures is Shared Gender Roles Some Native American Cultures have 4 genders Masculine men- “men that act like men” Feminine men- “men that act like women” Masculine women- “women that act like men” Feminine women- “women that act like women” Each is respected in their culture
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Culture is Shared Age roles vary with time Children not expected to act as adults Different cultures have different criteria for deciding adulthood Medieval times women married at 13 to 16 Now women marry 18 and older Some societies children become adults at puberty
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course ANTHRO SOC 101 taught by Professor Kylelubsen during the Fall '10 term at MO St. Louis.

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Culture-002 - The Characteristics of Culture Chapter 8...

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