Ia IIae q. 63 a. 3Whether any moral virtues are in us by infusion?Objection1.Itwouldseemthatnovirtuesbesidesthethe-ologicalvirtuesareinfusedinusbyGod.BecauseGoddoesnotdo by Himself, save perhaps sometimes miraculously, thosethings that can be done by second causes; for, as Dionysiussays (Coel. Hier. iv), “it is God’s rule to bring about extremesthrough the mean.” Now intellectual and moral virtues can becaused in us by our acts, as stated above (a. 2). erefore it isnot reasonable that they should be caused in us by infusion.Objection 2.Further, much less superﬂuity is found inGod’s works than in the works of nature. Now the theologi-cal virtues suﬃce to direct us to supernatural good. ereforethere are no other supernatural virtues needing to be caused inus by God.Objection 3.Further, nature does not employ two meanswhere one suﬃces: much less does God. But God sowed theseeds of virtue in our souls, according to a gloss on Heb. 1*.
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