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liberalism - 19th century after congress of Vienna wake of...

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19 th century: after congress of Vienna, wake of revolution -- High politics and development of nationalism and its particular configuration in this period. Until 1871, Germany is not unified – still dealing with the German confederation and Austria the main German state Winners: Prussia becomes a major power, HRE disbanded and consolidation of the German confederation; Russia dominance in Poland; Sardinian expansion; Austrian overstretch? Big task of Vienna is the containing of France and of the revolution. One decision in creating new map for Europe was not to partition France or take away territory where it had extended, but decided to leave it in its basic old form and do their best to bulk up the powers around it and prevent revolution from spreading. One thing delegates did was restore princes to their old throne and put a bourbon monarch on the throne, brother of L16. create a kingdom of the Netherlands and destroy the Dutch republic, creating a bigger state to hold back the French, lasts for a short time Prussia had been important but not powerful and is now given a big chunk of land in the Rhineland, they become a great victor of the Congress of Vienna. The delegates rationalized the map of German confederation reducing from 333 states to 33. Russians: have chased napoleon out of Russia and decimated his ranks and are rewarded by keeping the part of Poland they claimed and taking a little extra with it. They’re allowed to begin inserting power down into the Balkans. The Austrians continue to dominate territory, Hapsburg Empire and add to it some southern territories. They are the dominant power even though they don’t rule the entire confederation; tremendous number of different areas to rule with different laws/customs/language. As genie of revolution and nationalism springs out, the Austrians have a lot of trouble containing that to rule over their territory. In the peace negotiations, the kingdom of piedmont gets some land in Sardinia. Losers: revolutionaries, nationalists, liberals Revolutionaries such as Jacobins, nationalists/ liberal-nationalists. There were movements for what they wanted, but nothing was successful enough to hold. Spain is put under a king again rather than national government Conservatism: when reform is too much (political landscape on Moodle) provincialism, opposition to nationalism; desire to undo 1789 reforms; restriction of the franchise, or no franchise at all; restoration of state churches; restoration of aristocratic and monarchical powers, little interest in modernization or capitalism People had cultivated ideas prior to 1789, but after becomes an ideology, rather than a view within one class. Its an ideology that’s a framework of political thought having its own conclusions built into its own questions.
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