Absolutism 9

Absolutism 9 - Absolutism 9/13/11 I. Social Structure a.i....

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Absolutism 9/13/11 I. Social Structure a.i. Absolutism makes the hierarchical society pyramid much more narrow, with the king taking more and more away from nobles, clergy and everyone else b. King c. Clergy (1 st Estate) d. Nobles (2 nd Estate) e. Everybody Else (3 rd Estate) f. Western Europe: Some new meritocracy; expansion of trade, cities, new consumers g. Eastern Europe: refuedalization in the countryside II. Political Aspects A. Kings and Nobles a. Kings style themselves ‘divine monarchs’ that they were bound to rule by god b. They no longer want to be ‘first among equals’ (primes inter pares) but want to hold ‘absolute’ power in the state c. Monopolization of royal power over the army, church, bureaucracy, economy d. New taxes, new efforts at efficiency e. Nobles fear loss of privileges B. Decline of Representative Assemblies a. Declining power of representative assemblies b. England: Parliament (House of Lords, House of commons) c. Spain: Cortes d. Poland: Sejm e. France: Estates General
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Absolutism 9 - Absolutism 9/13/11 I. Social Structure a.i....

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