Day 9 Enlightenment and absolutism

Day 9 Enlightenment and absolutism - Enlightened Absolutism...

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Enlightened Absolutism -Frederick the Great (Prussia) -Peter the Great (Russia) -Catherine the Great (Russia) -Joseph II (Austria) -Louis XVI (France) Gutersnipe Enlightenment -Rumors, affairs -The Affair of the Vanishing Children (1765); Diamond Necklace Affair, 1785 -Accusations: the King is corrupt; the Queen rules the roost (and France has declined); the priests are debauched -Transmision: stories, popular newssheets, underground Enlightenment and Revolution: (Contributions of the Enlightenment): -Sovereignty of the People -Critique of the church and the nobility (those who are useless to the nation) -Emphasis on need for progressive change -Exploration of more rational forms of government -Critique of inefficient economic systems BUT: -Enlightenment preaches trust in reason, not violence -Most enlightenment figures in favor of reform, good monarchial government The Three Estates 1. The clergy (those who pray for the kingdom, 81,000 members in 1788) 2.The nobility (those who fight for the kingdom, 110,000 in 1788)
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Day 9 Enlightenment and absolutism - Enlightened Absolutism...

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