Hist study guide

Hist study guide - STUDY SHEET, MIDTERM #2 HISTORY 1003...

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Unformatted text preview: STUDY SHEET, MIDTERM #2 HISTORY 1003 PROF. MARCHAND SPRING 2008 Terms: Estates General- French quasi-parliamentary body called in 1789 to deal with the financial problems that afflicted France at that same time. It had not met since 1614. National Assembly- governing body of France that succeeded the Estates-General in 1789 during the French Revolution. It was composed of, and defined by, the delegates of the Third Estate First Estate- Second Estate- Third Estate- delegates from the common class to the Estates General, the French legislature, whose refusal to capitulate the nobility and clergy in 1789 led to the Revolution Levee en masse- denotes a short-term requisition of all able-bodied men to defend the nation and has to be viewed in connection with the political events in revolutionary France, namely the new concept of the democratic citizen as opposed to a royal subject. The Convention- During the French Revolution, the National Convention or Convention, in France, comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from September 20, 1792 to October 26, 1795 (the 4th of Brumaire of the year IV under the French Republican Calendar adopted by the Convention). It held executive power in France during the first years of the French First Republic. It was succeeded by the Directory, commencing November 2, 1795. Prominent members of the original Convention included Maximilien Robespierre of the Jacobin Club, Jean-Paul Marat (affiliated with the Jacobins, though never a formal member), and Georges Danton of the Cordeliers. The Maximum- Committee of Public Safety- political body during the French Revolution that was controlled by the Jacobins, who enforced party rule by executing thousands during the Reign of Terror, September 1793-July 1794 Napoleonic Code- legal code drafted by Napoleon in 1804; it distilled different legal traditions to create one uniform law. The code confirmed the abolition of feudal privileges of all kinds and set the conditions for exercising property rights Battle of Waterloo- fought on Sunday 18 June 1815,[6] was Napoleon Bonaparte's last battle. His defeat put a final end to his rule as Emperor of the French. Waterloo also marked the end of the period known as the Hundred Days, which began in March 1815 after Napoleon's return from Elba, where he had been exiled after his defeats at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813 and the campaigns of 1814 in France. After Napoleon returned to power, many states which had previously resisted his rule formed the Seventh Coalition and began to mobilise armies to oppose him. The first two armies to assemble, close to the French north eastern border, were a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blcher and an Anglo-allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington. Napoleon chose to attack them in the hope of destroying them before they, with other members of the Seventh Coalition (who were not such an immediate threat), could join in a coordinated invasion of France. The campaign consisted of four major battles - could join in a coordinated invasion of France....
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Hist study guide - STUDY SHEET, MIDTERM #2 HISTORY 1003...

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